Schedule and Readings

  1.  Orientations: Women and Gender, Myth and History

Week 1 – January 19-21: Course Introduction
January 19: Latin American Women’s and Gender History
January 20: Gender Analysis and the Cross-Cultural Study of Women
WGMLA Introduction and Handout on Primary and Secondary Sources
Amy Kaminsky, “Translating Gender,” in Reading the Body Politic: Feminist Criticism and Latin American Women Writers (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1993), 1-13

**Chandra Mohanty, “Under Western Eyes: Feminist Scholarship and Colonial Discourses” in Mohanty, Russo, and Torres, eds. Third World Women and the Politics of Feminism (Indiana University Press, 1991): 333-54

Recommended: Joan Wallach Scott, “Women’s History” and “Gender: a Useful Category of Historical Analysis,” in Gender and the Politics of History (New York: Columbia University Press, 1988), 28-52

Week 2 – January 26-28: Latin American Women and the Myth of (Colonial, Cultural) Patriarchy
January 26: Patriarchy and The Myth of Culture
                Kimberly Gauderman, “The Authority of Gender: Marital Discord and Social Order in Colonial Quito,” in John Smolenski and Thomas J. Humphrey, eds., New World Orders: Violence, Sanction, and Authority in the Colonial Americas (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2005): 71-91
                Leila Ahmed, “Western Ethnocentrism and Perceptions of the Harem.” Feminist Studies 8: 3 (1982): 521–34.

January 28: Marianismo and Women’s Power

Evelyn P. Stevens, “Marianismo: The Other Face of Machismo,” from Ann Pescatello, ed., Female and Male in Latin America (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1973), 90-101.

Marysa Navarro, “Against Marianismo,” in Rosario Montoya, Lessie Jo Frazier, and Janise Hurtig, eds., Gender’s Place: Feminist Anthropologies of Latin America (New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2002), 257-272.

**Heidi Tinsman, “A Paradigm of Our Own: Joan Scott in Latin American History,” American Historical Review 113:5 (December, 2008): 1357-1374

II. From Colony to Nation: Women in Republican Latin America

Week 3 – February 2 – 4: Women in Early Republican Spanish America

February 2: Gendered Revolutions
WGMLA Chapter 1

February 4: Independence for Women?

**Sarah Chambers, “Republican Friendship: Manuela Saénz Writes Women into the Nation, 1835-1856,” Hispanic American Historical Review 81:2 (2001): 225-57.

Week 4 – February 9 — 11: The Sex of the Nation

February 9: Seeing Women in Early Latin America
WGMLA Chapter 2 and 3:
Chapter 2:
2-1: Dona Hilaria
2-2: Flora Tristan
Francois, “Making Ends Meet”
Chapter 3:
3-1: Acevedo de Gomez
Kirkendall, “Men-of-Letters Rule”
Murray, “Women, Gender, and Politics”

February 11: Gender and Nation
**Elizabeth Dore, “One Step Forward, Two Steps Back,” in Dore and Molyneux, Hidden Histories, 3-52

III. Women and “Modernity” in Latin America

Week 5 – February 16-18: Feminism in the Age of “The Woman Question” (1890-1950)
February 16: Labor, Class, and Early Feminism
WGMLA Chapter 4
February 18: Feminism, Motherhood, and Political Reform
**Alejandra Bronfman, “Mismeasured Women: Gender and Social Science on the Eve of Female Suffrage in Cuba,” in Gender, Sexuality, and Power, 71-86

Week 6 – February 23-25: Women, Ethnicity, and Politics in 20th-Century Argentina
Reading TBD
Isabella Cosse, “Infidelities: Morality, Revolution, and Sexuality in Left-Wing Guerrilla Organizations in 1960s and 1970s Argentina,” Journal of the History of Sexuality 23:3 (September 2014): 415-450

Week 7 – March 1-3: Sex and Work (and Sex-Work)
March 1: Women’s Work in Early 20th-Century Latin America
WGMLA Chapter 5
March 3: Sex and the City
**Elizabeth Quay Hutchison, “’El fruto envenenado del arbol capitalista’: Women Workers and the Prostitution of Labor in Urban Chile, 1896-1925,” Journal of Women’s History, 9, 131-50, 1998

Week 8 – March 8-10: Revolution and Citizenship

March 8: Sex and Labor in Revolution
Ann S. Blum, “Cleaning the Revolutionary Household,” Journal of Women’s History 15:4 (Winter 2004): 67-90
Katherine Bliss, “Theater of Operations: Politics and the Battle for Prostitutes’ Redemption at Revolutionary Mexico City’s Syphilis Hospital,” in Stephanie Mitchell and Patience Schell, eds., The Women’s Revolution in Mexico: 1910-1953

March 10: Revolutionary Prostitutes
Ann Varley, “Women and the Home in Mexican Family Law,” in Dore and Molyneux, Hidden Histories, pp. 238-61
**Gabriela Cano, “Unconcealable Realities of Desire: Amelio Robles’s (Transgender) Masculinity in the Mexican Revolution,” in Jocelyn Olcott, Mary Kay Vaughan, and Gabriela Cano, eds., Sex in Revolution: Gender, Politics, and Power in Modern Mexico (Durham: Duke, 2006), pp. 35-56.

SPRING BREAK: March 15-17

IV. Women and Politics in Post-War Latin America

Week 9 – March 22-24: Gender and State Formation
March 22: How States Matter – Gender and Sociopolitical Change
WGMLA Chapter 6
**Deutsch, Sandra McGee.  “Gender and Sociopolitical Change in Twentieth-Century Latin America.” Hispanic American Historical Review 71:2 (1991): 259-306
March 24: Populism – Beyond Evita
Danny James, “’Tales Told out on the Borderlands’: Doña María’s Story, Oral History, and Issues of Gender,” in John French and Daniel James, eds., The Gendered Worlds of Latin American Women Workers (Durham: Duke University Press, 1997), pp. 31-52.
**Maxine Molyneux, “Twentieth-Century State Formations in Latin America,” in Dore and Molyneux, Hidden Histories, 33-81

Week 10 – March 29-31: Women, Sex, and Socialism
March 29: From Cuba to Nicaragua
Maxine Molyneux, “Mobilization without Emancipation? Women’s Interests, the State, and Revolution in Nicaragua,” Feminist Studies 11:2 (Summer, 1985): 227-54
March 31: From Nicaragua to Chiapas
Cymene Howe, “Gender, Sexuality, and Revolution,” in Gender, Sexuality, and Power


Week 11 – April 5-7: Gender, Dictatorship, and Human Rights
April 5: Women under Dictatorship
WGMLA Chapter 7
April 7: Feminist and Anti-authoritarian Struggles
**Nancy Saporta Sternbach, Marysa Navarro-Aranguren, Patricia Chuchryk, and Sonia E. Alvarez. “Feminisms in Latin America: From Bogota to San Bernardo.” Signs 17, no. 2 (Winter 1992): 393-434.

Week 12 – April 12-14: Latin American Feminisms [no blog]

April 14: Feminine and Feminist Protest in Cold War Latin America
[no additional readings]

Week 13 – April 19-21: What’s Love Got to Do with It? [no blog]
April 19: The Politics of Reproduction
Start reading WGMLA Chapter 8

April 21: Margaret Randall, Haydee Santamaria 
Read for discussion Margaret Randall, Hadyee Santamaria
**Bonnie Shepard, “The ‘Double Discourse’ on Sexual and Reproductive Rights in Latin America: The Chasm Between Public Policy and Private Actions.” Health and Human Rights 4:2 (2000): 110-43

Week 14 – April 26-28: Feminism after Revolution [blog due]
April 26: Women’s NGOs and the “Pro-Gender” State
WGMLA Chapter 8
April 28: TBD
**Sonia Alvarez, “Advocating Feminism: The Latin American Feminist NGO ‘Boom’,” International Feminist Journal of Politics 1:2 (September 1999): 181-209

April 28: TBD

Week 15 – May 3-5: Women in Contemporary Latin America [final blog]
May 3: Gender, Migration, Ethnicity
WGMLA Chapter 9 [selections]

May 5: Course Wrap-up – Final Papers due

May 10: Final Papers due